The proposal comes as fighting between Ukrainian troops and Russian-backed separatists has increased in recent days, and as Russia prepares to send 100,000 troops to Belarus.

And Vice President Mike Pence, above in Tbilisi, Georgia, said President Trump would “very soon” sign a measure to expand sanctions against Russia, and said that Moscow’s “destabilizing activities” and support for rogue regimes “has to change.”

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Romeo Ranoco/Reuters

In the Philippines, the police shrugged off criticism suggesting that a bloody raid over the weekend that left 15 people dead, including a mayor accused of drug trafficking by President Rodrigo Duterte, above center, was a summary execution.

A senator who has been a critic of Mr. Duterte’s crackdown on drugs, which has left thousands dead at the hands of the police or vigilantes, described the police raid as a “rub-out.”

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Aamir Qureshi/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

“I value my freedom and my privacy, and both are gone today.”

That was the interim prime minister of Pakistan, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, who spoke to the The New York Times an hour before being formally approved by Parliament.

Despite his reluctance about taking the job, the U.S.-educated petroleum minister, who is an airline owner and sky diving buff, said he was no “bench warmer.” Here’s a profile of Mr. Abbasi.

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David Moir/European Pressphoto Agency

Australia’s first-ever national survey on sexual assault and harassment at universities revealed “shocking levels” of sexual violence on campuses across the country.

The report showed that 51 percent of all university students were sexually harassed at least once in 2016.

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Behrouz Boochani, via Reuters

Hundreds of refugees and migrants on Manus Island, in Papua New Guinea, protested their treatment under Australia’s offshore detention program, and many detainees refused to leave.

The Australian authorities want the refugees to move to a new facility; the protesters say they are being aggressively relocated and denied protection.

Business

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Bryan Denton for The New York Times

• Starbucks is opening more than one new store a day in China, and creating some 10,000 jobs there each year. The secret to success? Mutual trust.

Apple beat expectations: Earnings were up 12 percent to $8.7 billion in the latest quarter and its revenue increased 7 percent from last year to $45.4 billion.

• 1MDB, the scandal-ridden Malaysian sovereign wealth fund, missed a $629 million payment to an Abu Dhabi government fund.

• Joining Apple, Amazon also bowed to China’s tough new restrictions on online content. Apple’s quiet capitulation to the tightening censorship, our tech columnist writes, is a dangerous precedent.

Sony, the Japanese electronics giant, reported a 15.2 percent increase in revenue and $732 million in net profit in the second quarter.

The Dow hit a record high, and U.S. stocks were up. Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

In the News

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Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

• A photojournalist for The New York Times documented the devastating toll inside Mosul’s Old City, above, where Islamic State fighters are still holding out. [The New York Times]

Global warming is essentially tied with the Islamic State as the most-feared security threat around the world, according to a new poll. [The New York Times]

• In India, at least 218 people have died from flooding in the western state of Gujarat. [BBC]

At least 20 people were killed by suicide bombers who attacked a Shia mosque in the western Afghan city of Herat. [The New York Times]

• “Get out of Cambodia.” Prime Minister Hun Sen shut down an American charity featured in a CNN report on the sex trade in Cambodia. [The New York Times]

• China’s Communist Party denounced and censored a Chinese author’s strident essay about the tension between “old Beijingers” and the “fake” lives of migrants in the rapidly growing city after it went viral online. [Reuters]

• In Japan, non-melting Popsicles are a thing. The secret is a liquid extracted from strawberries — a discovery that was made by accident. [Asahi Shimbun]

Smarter Living

Tips, both new and old, for a more fulfilling life.

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Sam Kaplan for The New York Times

• Recipe of the day: Take some time in the morning to make watermelon Popsicles. You’ll thank yourself later.

• Is it possible to drink too much water?

• How well do you know the world? Take our quiz.

Noteworthy

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Ko Sasaki for The New York Times

• Its landscapes evoke the Sahara: Vast expanses of golden sand, ruffled into scalloped patterns by the wind. There are even camels. Welcome to Tottori on the west coast of Japan.

• Our Vietnam ’67 series continues with South Vietnam’s “daredevil girls,” women whose wartime lives blurred the lines between battlefield and home front, and between civilian and fighter.

• And Will Shortz has edited The New York Times’s crossword puzzles since 1993. Take a peek inside his editing process — and at his immense puzzle collection, which includes 25,000 puzzle books and magazines, dating to 1534.

Back Story

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Our departing book critic, Michiko Kakutani, above, has been hailed as the most powerful critic in the English-speaking world.

Her output during 38 years at The Times attracted plenty of response, and on the day she announced her plans to step down, a colleague revealed a letter that Ms. Kakutani received early in her career.

Ms. Kakutani had written a profile of Pat Carroll, an actress who was then portraying the writer Gertrude Stein on stage. She describing her home as “filled with books by Stein and about Stein, as well as xeroxed Ph.D. theses and obscure literary journals.”

The next day, Aug. 2, 1979, a letter addressed to “Mr. Michiko Kakutani” arrived, sent by an employee of Xerox, a company famous for protecting its brand name.

“There is no adjective ‘xerox,’” the letter explained. “If in the future you wish to use the name Xerox, it should be used with a capital ‘X’ and no ‘ed’.”

Indeed, The Times style arbiters agree.

Richard Samson, who is on The Times’s legal team, said a multitude of companies had objected to their trademarks being used as generic substitutes. “Over the years,” he said, “We have received concerned letters from owners of the trademarks Spinning, Hula-Hoop, Sheetrock, Jeep and many others.”

Andrea Kannapell contributed reporting.

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